6 Malware Types Every PC User Must Know About

If you are a PC user, you’ve probably faced viruses more than a few times, and in some cases, may have had to seek professional virus removal service. What many people still do not know is that viruses aren’t the only malware and the two are not synonyms. In fact, trojans, and worms, among others, are types of malicious software collectively referred to as malware. To broaden our understanding on what constitutes malware, we explore six categories that come under the malware umbrella term. Learning about these malware types will give you an idea on how to diagnose and tackle any security challenges they present.

1. Virus
Viruses are the most widely known member of the malware family. They can corrupt files, steal passwords, make your computer sluggish, and even crash it. What makes them gain such notoriety, among other things, is their epidemic nature. A computer virus works the same way viruses do in a human body, spreading by copying itself to other cells. If your computer has a virus, then it will affect the other drives and all files in it, besides all external hard drive or USB flash drive you attach to it.

2. Worm
Worms replicate themselves and use networks to spread to other computers. They harm your computer system by exposing it to other users over the internet. Besides using a powerful anti-worm software to protect your computer from worms, it is essential to keep windows firewall switched on. Never forget, worms can spread in the form of mass emails sent to every contact in your address book.

3. Trojan
Also known as Trojan Horse, trojans are some of the most harmful malware you can download to your computer. A trojan is any file that provide third parties access to your computer once installed. No wonder computer experts that provide virus removal services advise users to stick to legitimate software, game, and music downloads. In addition, you may also install an antimalware program updated with the latest viruses signatures and up-to-date with subscriptions. Firewall protection will filter suspicious websites and give you the option to decide whether or not to take the risk. Remember, trojans, unlike viruses, do not spread fast, however, they allow other malicious software access to your computer and information.

4. Spyware
As the name goes, spyware is nothing but the mechanical spy on your computer that hackers and other notorious people often use to steal personal information. A spyware may come into your computer system attached to a trojan that you might have downloaded over the internet. Spyware, in many cases, record keystrokes to gain access to financial data. Some free software programs also include spyware that runs in the background monitoring your browsing habits and selling this information to people who advertise online. This is the reason Spyware is sometimes referred to as Adware.

5. Rootkit
The purpose of a rootkit is to keep the user uninformed about the presence of malware in the system. This is the reason many security programs are sometimes unable to remove viruses or other malware. The rootkit modifies your system functions and the anti-virus software is unable to recognize the presence of any malware such as virus and worms, even though you can see the signs of an attack. The optimal solution in such cases is to seek the help of professional computer virus removal service providers.

6. Ransomware
Ransomware is a type of software designed to compel users to pay money to access a certain file or a webpage. If ransomware gets downloaded onto your computer system, it may take hostage of a certain file and ask for money before you can access it. Like a virus or worm, however, ransomware do not delete or copy itself to crash your computer. The easiest way to protect your computer from such malicious software is to install an effective anti-malware software.

All the above types of malware are nothing but software programs designed by computer users like us but for notorious purposes. While some are designed to degrade data, others are engineered to steal it, all in the name of profit, blackmail, corporate espionage, and many other vices. In all scenarios, the only way to ensure your personal computer and data does not fall prey to such malware is to keep your computer protected by a robust anti-malware software. To find out what software options serve your online security needs, speak to one of our experts.

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